Population of Horse, Camel, Donkey, Pig decreases in India

Camel and Donkey population shows a declining trend since 2003

Hardeep Singh Bedi

New Delhi: The 20th Livestock Census- 2019 shows that horse, camel, donkey, and pig population has decreased in India.

The Census, conducted by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, shows that the total population of horses and ponies in the country was 3.4 lakhs in 2019, which was a decrease by 45.2% over the previous Census that was conducted in 2012.

Camel’s population in the country was 2.5 lakh in 2019, which was a decrease by 37.1% over the previous Census.

Similarly, the total population of Mules and Donkeys in the country was 84000 and 1.2 lakh respectively in 2019.

The worrying part is that the population of camels and donkeys has been continuously showing a decline over the last four Livestock Censuses i.e., 17th (2003), 18th (2007), 19th (2012), and 20th (2019) Livestock Census.

The population of Mules decreased by 57.1% and of donkeys by 61.2% over the previous Census in 2012.

The population of pigs in the country was 9.06 million in the 2019 Census, showing a decline by 12.03% over the previous Census.

Also, there is a decline of 6% in the total Indigenous (both descript and non-descript) Cattle population over the previous census.

This data was presented by the Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, and Dairying Parshottam Rupala in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

Increase in Livestock, Bovine Population  

Citing Livestock Census 2019, Rupala said that there has been an increase in the Livestock and Bovine population in the country.

“The total Livestock population is 536.76 million in the country showing an increase of 4.8% over Livestock Census-2012. The total Bovine population (Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun, and Yak) is 303.76 million in 2019, which shows an increase of 1.3% over the previous census. The total number of Cattle in the country is 193.46 million in 2019, showing an increase of 1.3 % over the previous Census,” said the Minister.

Following are Other Highlights of Livestock Census 2019:

•           The Exotic/Crossbred and Indigenous/Non-descript Cattle population in the country is 51.36 million and 142.11 million respectively.

•           The Indigenous/Non-descript Female Cattle population has increased by 10% in 2019 as compared to the previous census.

•           The population of the total Exotic/Crossbred Cattle has increased by 29.3% in 2019 as compared to the previous census.

•           The total Buffalo in the country is 109.85 million showing an increase of about 1.1% over the previous Census.

•           The total Milch Animals (in-milk and dry) in Cows and Buffalo was 125.75 million, an increase of 6.0 % over the previous census.

•           The total Sheep in the country was 74.26 million in 2019, which is an increase by 14.1% over the previous Census.

•           The Goat population in the country in 2019 was 148.89 million showing an increase of 10.1% over the previous census.

•           The total population of Mithun and Yak in the country was 3.9 lakh and 58000 in 2019, which is an increase by 29.5% and 24.9% respectively over the previous Census.

•           The total Poultry in the country was 851.81 million in 2019, which is an increase by 16.8% over the previous Census.

•           The total Backyard Poultry in the country was 317.07 million in 2019, which is an increase by 45.8% over the previous Census.

•           The total Commercial Poultry in the country was 534.74 million in 2019, which is an increase by 4.5% over the previous Census.

• The total number of Stray Cattle and Stray Dogs in 2019 was 50 lakh and 153 lakh respectively in the country. 

(The Writer is Editor, Politics Watch)

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