Tuesday, November 30, 2021

President Kovind presents Gallantry Awards-2020

President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and other dignitaries at the Defence Investiture Ceremony-II at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on November 22, 2021. (PIB)

New Delhi: President Ram Nath Kovind, who is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces,  presented Gallantry Awards and Distinguished Service Decorations for the year 2020 at two Defence Investiture Ceremonies at Rashtrapati Bhavan on November 22, 2021.

At the Defence Investiture Ceremony-I held in the morning, the President conferred Two Kirti Chakras (one posthumously), 10 Shaurya Chakras (two posthumously), one Vir Chakra.

President Kovind also awarded 14 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, two Uttam Yudh Seva Medals and 26 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals.

Wing Commander (Now Group Captain) Abhinandan Varthaman received the lone Vir Chakra, the third-highest wartime gallantry award in India.

Following is the list of Awardees in order of presentation:

Source

At the Defence Investiture Ceremony-II held in the evening, President conferred 13 Shaurya Chakras, out of which eight were awarded posthumously.

The President also awarded 14 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, two Uttam Yudh Seva Medals and 27 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals.

Following is the list of Awardees in order of presentation:

Source

It’s notable that post-independence, the first three gallantry awards namely Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra and Vir Chakra were instituted by the Government of India on January 26, 1950, which were deemed to have effect from August 15, 1947.

Thereafter, other three gallantry awards i.e. Ashoka Chakra Class-I, Ashoka Chakra Class-II and Ashoka Chakra Class-III were instituted by the Government of India on January 4, 1952, which were deemed to have effect from August 15, 1947. These awards were renamed as Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra respectively in January 1967.

These gallantry awards are announced twice a year – first on the occasion of the Republic Day and then on the occasion of the Independence Day. The order of precedence of these awards is the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, the Mahavir Chakra, the Kirti Chakra, the Vir Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra.

The wartime Chakra series awards include the highest Param Vir Chakra, the second-highest Maha Vir Chakra and the third-highest Vir Chakra.

The peacetime highest gallantry awards include the highest Ashok Chakra, the second-highest Kirti Chakra and the third-highest Shaurya Chakra.

Gallantry awards along with some other Defence Distinguished Service awards are conferred to the awardees/Next-of-Kins (NoKs) by the President at the Defence Investiture Ceremony held every year at the Rashtrapati Bhawan. However, the Param Vir Chakra and the Ashoka Chakra are conferred by the President to the awardees/NoKs on the occasion of the Republic Day Parade at the Rajpath.

While Param Vishisht Seva Medals and Ati Vishisht Seva Medals are Peacetime Distinguished Service Decorations, Uttam Yudh Seva Medals are Wartime Distinguished Service Decorations. (PW News)

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